Peritonitis is inflammation of the peritoneum, the thin layer of tissue covering the inside of your abdomen and most of the organs. The inflammation is usually the result of fungal or bacterial infections.
Causes: – abdominal wound or injury, a ruptured appendix, a stomach ulcer, a perforated colon, diverticulitis, pancreatitis, cirrhosis of liver, infection of the gallbladder, crohn’s diseases and pelvic inflammatory disease.
Symptoms: – tenderness in you abdomen, pain in your abdomen that gets more intense with motion or touch, abdominal bloating or distention, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, anorexia, minimal urine output, fatigue and chills and fever.
Diagnostic testing: – complete blood count to measure your white blood cell count because high WBC is signals for infection and inflammation, blood culture can help to identify the bacteria causing infection and inflammation, abdominal fluid analysis can help to identify bacteria and CT scans and X-ray can show perforations in your peritoneum
Treatment: – 1) treating the underlying cause 2) antibiotics to fight infection 3) medication for pain 4) surgical removal of inflamed appendix 5) kidney dialysis but have to wait until infection clears up to receive more dialysis.
Complication: – 1) hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome 2) sepsis 3) an intra-abdominal abscess 4) gangrenous bowel 5) intraperitoneal adhesions 6) bowel blockage and septic shock.