Sleep and snoring is part and parcel for some of us. When we sleep snoring comes with it for many. Snoring is ignored mostly but this negligence toward snoring can have some serious consequences as excessive snoring can be a symptom of obstructive sleep apnoea. Obstructive sleep apnoea is a condition where there is episodes of paused breathing due to blocked airway during sleep. The obstruction in breathing occurs because of the narrowing of breathing airway.This can be really fatal as during sleep apnea there is deficiency of oxygen in body and vital organs like heart and brain can get badly affected. Recent study shows that sleep apnoea is associated to sudden cardiac death.
Watch out these symptoms to keep OSA at bay
Risk factors of OSA
- • Being Overweight: Fat deposition around the upper airway may obstruct breathing.
- • Narrowed airway: Narrowed airway can be naturally inherited but enlarged adenoids and tonsils can too cause the narrowing of airway
- • Chronic nasal congestion: Obstructive sleep apnoea occurs twice as often in those who have consistent nasal congestion at night.
- • Sex: In general, men are twice as likely as women to have obstructive sleep apnea.
- • Heredity: If you have family members with obstructive sleep apnea, you may be at increased risk.
- • Asthma: Recent research has found an association between asthma and the risk of obstructive sleep apnea.
- Weight LossWeight loss gives excellent relief from the symptoms of OSA.
- Nasal Decongestants Nasal decongestants are more likely to be effective in mild OSA. They can help relieve snoring.
- Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
Continuous positive airway pressure therapy (CPAP) uses a machine to help a person who has obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) breathe more easily during sleep. A CPAP machine increases air pressure in your throat so that your airway does not collapse when you breathe in.
- Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BiPAP)BiPAPpressure machines are sometimes used for the treatment of OSA if CPAP therapy is not effective. BiPAP deliver pressurized air through a mask to the patient’s airways. The air pressure keeps the throat muscles from collapsing and reducing obstructions by acting as a splint.
By – Tutor – Mrs. Deepika
Department of Nursing
College Of Nursing UCBMSH
Uttaranchal (P.G.) College Of Bio-Medical Sciences & Hospital