DENGUE

What is Dengue?
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease that happens in tropical and subtropical ranges of the world. Mellow dengue fever causes high fever, rash, and muscle and joint torment. An extreme type of dengue fever, additionally called dengue hemorrhagic fever, can bring about serious bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure (shock) and death.
Prevelance:-
Before 1970, only 9 countries had experienced severe dengue epidemics. The disease is now endemic in more than 100 countries in the WHO regions of Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, South-East Asia and the Western Pacific. The America, South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions are the most seriously affected.
Transmission :-
The Aedes aegypti mosquito is the primary vector of dengue. The virus is transmitted to humans through the bites of infected female mosquitoes. After virus incubation for 4–10 days, an infected mosquito is capable of transmitting the virus for the rest of its life.

Signs and Symptoms:-

• Intense stomach pain
• Disorientation
• Sudden hypotension, or a fast drop in blood pressure
• Heavy bleeding
• Regular vomiting
• Blood vessels leaking fluid
TREATMENT:-
• Preventing dehydration
• Painkillers, such as Tylenol or paracetamol:
• Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
PREVENTION :-:-
• Clothing
• Mosquito repellents
• Mosquito traps and nets
• Door and window screens: Structural barriers, such as screens or netting, can keep mosquitoes out.
• Avoid scents
• Stagnant Water

By -NURSING TUTOR – Ms. Nidhi Saklani
Department -NURSING
UCBMSH Magazine – (YouthRainBow)
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