Childhood Interstitial Lung Disease

Childhood interstitial (in-ter-stish-al) lung disease, or child, is a broad term for a group of rare lung diseases that can affect babies, children, and teens. These diseases have some similar symptoms, such as chronic cough, rapid breathing, and shortness of breath.

These diseases also harm the lungs in similar ways. For example, they damage the tissues that surround the lungs’ alveoli (al-VEE-uhl-eye; air sacs) and bronchial tubes (airways). Sometimes these diseases directly damage the air sacs and airways.

The broad term “childhood interstitial lung disease” (child) refers to a group of rare lung diseases that can affect babies, children, and teens. Some of these diseases are more common in certain age groups.

Diseases more common in infancy include:
1. Surfactant (sur-FAK-tant) dysfunction mutations
2. Developmental disorders, such as alveolar capillary dysplasia
3. Lung growth abnormalities
4. Neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy (NEHI)
5. Pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis (PIG)

Some conditions and factors that may cause or lead to child include:
Inherited conditions, such as surfactant disorders. Surfactant is a liquid that coats the inside of the lungs. It helps with breathing and may help protect the lungs from bacterial and viral infections.
Birth defects that cause problems with the structure or function of the lungs.

Immune system disorders. The immune system protects the body against bacteria, viruses, and toxins. Children who have immune system disorders aren’t able to fight illness and disease as well as children who have healthy immune systems.

Exposure to substances in the environment that can irritate the lungs, such as molds and chemicals.
Some cancer treatments, such as radiation and chemotherapy.

Fast breathing, which also is called tachypnea (tak-ip-NE-ah)
Labored breathing, which also is called respiratory distress
Low oxygen levels in the blood, which also is called hypoxemia (hi-POK-se-ah)
Recurrent coughing, wheezing, or crackling sounds in the chest
Shortness of breath during exercise (in older children) or while eating (in infants), which also is called dyspnea (disp-NE-ah)
Poor growth or failure to gain weight
Recurrent pneumonia or bronchiolitis

• Supportive Therapy
• Medicines
• Lung Transplant

By – Nursing Tutor – Ms. Aradhana George
Department of Nursing
Magazine (YouthRainBow)- Uttaranchal (P.G.) College Of Bio-Medical Sciences & Hospital
Uttaranchal (P.G.) College Of Bio-Medical Sciences & Hospital
Uttaranchal College of Education
College Of Nursing UCBMSH
General Knowledge & Current Affairs

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