Artificial Intelligence is the latest trending field in computer science. This technology aims to create such machines that can act, work and think like human beings. The idea of artificial intelligence is achieved by deep research and study on how the human brain thinks, work and make decisions while solving computational problems.
The idea of artificial intelligence is based on the human philosophy that whether a machine can be as intelligent as the human. The term ‘artificial intelligence’ was coined by an American scientist named John McCarthy in 1956.
Goals of Artificial Intelligence:-
To create a system that is an expert in every form – behaviour, learning, demonstration, explanation and can give valuable advice to its users.
To extend and implement human thinking and intelligence in machines.
Types of Artificial Intelligence:-
1. Expert Systems
2. Fuzzy Logic
3. Neural Networks
Natural Language Processing in AI:-
Natural Language is a branch of artificial intelligence that deals with the interaction of computers with the human language. In other words, it is the ability of computer programs to understand human language. Following are the two components of Natural Language Processing:
• Natural Language Understanding – Understanding human language
• Natural Language Generation – Generating human language
Natural Language Processing is based on the following steps:
- Signal Processing
- Syntactic Analysis
- Semantic Analysis
Turing Test in Artificial Intelligence
Turing Test is a test developed to determine the intelligence of a machine. In the Turing Test, there are three terminals. Two terminals are operated by the humans and the third one is operated by the computer. One human is the questioner and the other two terminals are the respondents. The questioner questions both of them. After some specified duration of time, the questioner tries to determine which terminal is operated by the computer and which by the human. If the questioner makes a correct judgment in half of the case or less, then the computer is considered as intelligent.
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